If you want extend your trip to Mongolia with a visit to China, we can arrange that for you. We work closely with our agent in Beijing who are one of the largest State tourism providers in China and always provide efficient and reasonably priced services.
We can arrange airport and railway station transfers, hotels, sightseeing tours, domestic flights and train tickets. You can make the connecting journey between Ulaanbaatar and Beijing by train or plane - many people take the train in one direction and fly the other.
Tiananmen Square is a large city square in the center of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen gate located to its North, separating it from the Forbidden City. Tiananmen Square is the fourth largest city square in the world. The Tiananmen Gate to the Forbidden City was built in 1415 during the Ming Dynasty. Towards the demise of the Ming Dynasty, heavy fighting between Li Zicheng and the early Qing emperors damaged (or perhaps destroyed) the gate. The Tiananmen square was designed and built in 1651, and has since enlarged four times its original size in the 1950s.
The city tour can be done on a group coach tour basis or as a small private group with your own guide and driver. Tiananmen Square and the Forbidden City are in the centre of Beijing and a one-day sightseeing tour can be combined with a visit to the Temple of Heaven in the south of the city, or the Summer Palace to the north.
In 1279 Kublai Khan moved his capital from Kharkhorin in Central Mongolia, to Beijing and it became the centre of the largest empire the world has ever known. It remained the capital of China throughout the dynasties of the Yuan (Mongol), Ming (Han Chinese) , Qing (Manchu) and up to present day People's Republic of China.
This was the imperial palace and the political heart of China during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368 - 1911). In the past, commoners were prohibited from entering the Forbidden City without permission and only imperial families and invited high officials could enter, hence the name "Forbidden" city.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces.
Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.
Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC. These were later joined together and made bigger and stronger and are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China. The majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty. (1368 - 1644).
This question is difficult to answer as many dynasties have participated in building the Wall, and many sections are located in remote mountains, grassland or deserts. After a long investigation it was announced that the length of the wall of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) is 8,851 kilometers (5,500 miles).
The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall winds along craggy mountain tops and looks most spectacular. One can get up to the wall either by climbing up through the forest on paths and steps, or using a cable car. You can come down on the sled run, which is of course great fun.
The Terracotta Army or the "Terracotta Warriors and Horses" is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BCE and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife. Estimates from 2007 were that the three
pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which remained buried in the pits nearby Qin Shi Huang's mausoleum. Other terracotta non-military figures were found in other pits, including officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians.
In 1974 a village worker digging a well near to the city of Xian came upon a life-size terracotta soldier. He informed the local authorities who sent a team of archaeologist to investigate. They soon found that this was not just one figure, but a whole army of terracotta warriors; one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in the world. The purpose of the army was to protect the First Emperor of China, whose tomb remains nexcavated nearby. The city of Xian is situated approximately 1000 kilometers south west of Beijing and there are several flights each day between the two cities, so it is not difficult to arrange a special visit to see the quite incredible museum of the terracotta warriors.